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Ophthalmology

Ophthalmology Overview

Ophthalmology is a branch of medicine specializing in the anatomy, function and diseases of the full visual pathway, including the eye, brain, and areas surrounding the eye. The word Ophthalmology literally means “the science of eyes.”

An ophthalmologist is an eye M.D., a medical doctor who is specialized in eye and vision care.

Ophthalmologists are trained to provide the full spectrum of eye care, from prescribing glasses and contact lenses to complex and delicate eye surgery.

They may also be involved in scientific research into the causes and cures of eye diseases and vision problems.

Ophthalmologists

  •  Have 4 years of medical school and a year of internship
  • Have a minimum of 3 years of residency (hospital-based training) in ophthalmology.  Residency includes: training in prevention, diagnosis, and medical and surgical treatment of eye conditions and diseases.
  • May spend an additional year or two training in a sub-specialty, such as Glaucoma, Pediatric Ophthalmology, Retina, Cataract Care , or Reconstructive Surgery.

Our professional team at North Carolina Eye, Ear, Nose & Throat invite you to learn more our doctors’ education and areas of specialty by visiting the Meet the Ophthalmologists area of our web site.

Our eye care team also includes a certified Orthoptist.

Orthoptists

  •  Are board-certified specialists within the field of ophthalmology
  • They examine, diagnose, and treat a variety of visual disorders in children and adults ranging from blurred vision to eye alignment issues.

You can learn about our Orthoptists serving you at North Carolina Eye, Ear, Nose & Throat by visiting the Meet the Orthoptists area of our web site.

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